Justice and Revenge in the Bacchae

  • Created by: gsoning
  • Created on: 19-05-19 11:11
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  • Justice + Revenge
    • Dionysus [re Pentheus]: 'Take vengeance on him!'
    • Pentheus [re Bacchants]: 'This man who taught you your folly I will punish'
    • [prologue] Dionysus: 'I shall fight them!' (Thebans)
    • Pentheus' possible hubris?: 'But I say you shall be bound, and I have more authority than you!'
    • Was Pentheus deserving of his fate?-it was arguably the consequence of ignoring/disobeying the gods
    • Dionysus gives the Bacchants justice by sending an earthquake to the palace and freeing them. The bacchants escaping from Pentheus is part of Dionysus' revenge on him. (Stasimon 2)
    • Choral Ode-4th Stasimon: The chorus ing a song of vengeance to inspire the bacchants with rage against Pentheus-'Let justice appear! Let her come bearing a sword, slaughtering with a stab in the throat'
    • Dionysus seeks revenge by turning Cadmus and Harmony into snakes
    • Dionysus seeks revenge on 'the undying crime of Hera' for the death of his mother.
    • Dionysus used the Bacchants on Cithaeron to built anticipation on what his revenge will be. The calm atmosphere on Cithaeron greatly contrasts to the violent acts of revenge that will take place later on in the play.
    • Dionysus seeks revenge on his family for not recognising his divine status
    • At the end of the play Dionysus may be satisfied with his revenge but he has left Cadmus and Agave in a position to want to seek revenge
  • Pentheus' possible hubris?: 'But I say you shall be bound, and I have more authority than you!'

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