Jurys

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  • Jurys
    • Advantages
      • D is more likely to be acquitted.
        • 60% found not guilty in Crown Court
          • 15% found not guilty in Magistrates' Court
          • more empathy
      • More likely to receive legal aid
      • Public have confidence in criminal justice system
        • est 1215 by Magna Carta
      • Open justice
        • 'juries are the lmap that shows that feedom lives' - Lord Devlin
      • Secrecy of jury room
        • Section 8 Contempt of Court Act 1981
          • criminal offence to reveal juries' deliberations
      • Juries do not have to give reasons for their verdicts
        • R v Kronlid
          • Juries will reach a decision according to their idea of fairness
    • Disadvantage
      • D has to wait longer for a trial in the Crown Court
        • may have to wait in prison if no bail granted
          • trials also last longer so more stress
      • higher costs if paying your own lawyer fees
        • media reports more high profile
          • if D is found guilty in Crown Court, D could receive a heavier sentence
      • Jury nobbling
        • jurors are threatened or bribed
          • Protecting the jury from this can cost a lot of money
            • Former Police Chief Sir Ian Blair estimated this costs the taxpayer around £4.5 million per year
      • Misuse of media sources / media pressure
        • Jurors shouldn't research cases
          • if they do then costly retrials required
            • juror goes to prison
              • Theodora Dallas
      • Lack of understanding
        • section 8 Contempt of Court Act 1981
          • because this says there can be no enquiry into how jurys reach their decisions, it isn't possible to check if they understand issues in case
            • Ministry of Justice report in 2010 - 2/3 jurors do not fully understand legal directions given by judges when deciding their verdicts
    • Basic information
      • 12 people sit on a jury
        • must be aged 18-70
          • only used in criminal courts (and civil deformation cases)
            • unanimous agreement required (or majority)

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