Juries

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  • Juries
    • Qualifications
      • aged 18-70
      • registered to vote
      • resident in the UK for at least five years since age 13
    • Disqualified
      • Sentenced to 5 years or more imprisonment- disqualified for life
      • served a prison sentence less than 5 years or suspended sentence or community order-disqualified for ten years
      • mentally ill or 'lack of capacity'
    • Excusals
      • member of the armed forces
      • discretionary excusal- ill, business commitments, or another 'good reason'
    • Selection
      • at home
        • A crown court official will at random from the electoral registers, summons enough jurors to try cases every fortnight
      • at court
        • potential jurors are sent into the court room and chosen at random by the clerk
    • Vetting
      • routine police check to eliminate those disqualified from jury service
      • in cases of national security the jurors may be subject to wider checks eg. terrorism cases
    • Challenges
      • Challenge for cause
        • individual juror challenged eg if they know the defendant
      • To the array
        • whole jury challenged for biased selection, no right to multi racial jury (R v Ford)
      • prosecution right to stand by jurors
        • put at end of the list so will only be used if there are not enough jurors
    • Role
      • Criminal
        • 12 jurors in Crown Court
        • listen to evidence and judge's summing up
        • decide questions of fact not law, do not give reasons for their decisions
        • majority verdicts may be given, discussion takes place in secret
          • Civil
            • used in defamation, false imprisonment. malicious prosecution and fraud
            • decide liability and assess damages to be awarded
            • decide questions of fact not law, do not give reasons for their decisions
      • Civil
        • used in defamation, false imprisonment. malicious prosecution and fraud
        • decide liability and assess damages to be awarded

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