Judaism: beliefs and practices

All these mindmaps are the AQA revision guide condensed further so everything is very condesed and simple 

I printed mine on A3 paper as i found it v difficult to use online and A4 was wayyy too small making the bubbles unreadable 

Beware of the typos I was too lazy to fix them whoops 

Enjoy the revison :)

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  • Judaism: Beliefs and Teachings
    • God as one
      • God is a single, whole, invisible being
        • "the Lord alone" - Shema = only one God
      • Everything in the Universe has been created and is sustained by one God
      • God is the only being who should be praised + worshipped
      • God is the source of all morality, beliefs + values
        • onmnipresent
    • God as creator
      • God took 6 days to create the universe and everything in it
      • God rested on the 7th day = the Shabbat
      • Orthodox believe the events in Genesis happened 6,000 years ago = reject evolution
      • Reform interpret the story less literally = believe God made everything but the universe is  older and evolved over time
      • He also sustains the earth - provides us will all resources
    • Evil + Free will
      • God gave ppl free will as he wants ppl to be able to choose to do good = makes act of kindness more significant
      • But, in order to achieve free will, there must be a choice to do bad = existence of evil
        • "i make weal and create woe' - Isaiah
      • Existence of free will explains why the earths resources are distributed so badly. The Jews who exercise free will give resources to the less fortunate = restore balance
      • Adam + Eve banished from garden = serious consequence
    • God as lawgiver and Judge
      • 613 laws in the Torah (Mitzvot)
      • 10 commandments: 10 laws given to Moses after he rescued the Jewish slaves from egypt
      • Gos's judgemmentsare fair + loving as they are all based upon the same laws
      • Times God Judges ppl
        • Festival Rosh Hashanah: judges actions over the past year and decides what the coming year will bring them
        • after death: determines how they will spend afterlife
    • Tabernacle= house the divine presence
      • portable tent jews carried with them on their journey through the wildernessto cannaan
      • Tabernaclereplaced with Solomon'sTemple = centre of Jewish worship
      • Tenakh describes how on their journey to Canaan, Jews were led (at times) by a pillar of fire or a cloud = appearances of God = power + glory
    • Life after Death
      • Jews not focused on afterlife - present life is a way to please god
      • Follow faith correctly = go to Gan Eden (heaven) when they die
      • some Jews believe that you go to sheol = a place of waiting where the souls are cleansed
      • do NOT believe in a place of eternal punishment
      • Some jews believe they are judged as soon as they die
      • Others believe God will judge everyone on the Day of Judgement (after the coming of the Messiah)
        • "those that sleep in the dust of the earth will awake" Daniel 12:2
      • Some believe in resurrection (most do not)
    • Origins of the Messiah
      • Messiah = anointed one
      • In the Tenakh refers to the kings of Israel (First king = saul)
      • Today, Messiah = future leader of Jews
    • The Nature of the Messiah
      • Messianic Age = time of harmony and global peace
      • Rule over humanity with kindness and justice
      • uphold the law in the torah and be ultimate teacher
      • bring world peace + unite humanity
      • Rebuild the temple in Jerusalem and gather all jews back to Israel
      • Jesus NOT messiah = didn't fill expectations + did not observe torah law strictly enough
      • Orthodox = descendent of king david in every generation who has the potential to become the messiah
      • Reform = messianic age will be achieved by everyone working together, not just the leader of one person
    • Abraham + the Promised Land
      • At the time of Abraham, ppl worshiped idols of many different Gods
        • Abraham always believed there was only one God who created everything and that worshipping idols was wrong
          • Abraham tried to convince ppl not to worship idols
            • Abraham (and others) left Ur to travel to Canaan
              • Before they reached Canaan, they settled in Haran
                • Many years later,  God told Abraham to continue the journey, promising to make a great nation through him
                  • Once he reached Canaan. God said "I give you all the land... offspring forever"
                    • Became known of the promised land
    • The covenant with Abraham
      • God's promise = to make Abraham the father of many nations
      • Abraham had to agree to 'Walk in God's ways"
      • Circumcision = seals covenant and male Jews get circumsized today to prove acceptance to the covenant
      • How did God keep his side of the covenant?
        • Father of all nations = made it possible for Sarah to conceive, despite she was very old
        • Sarah gave birth to Issac who marks the start of the covenant
    • Jews escape from egypt
      • Jews were forced to work as slaves in egypt
        • Moses led their escape. Moses told the Pharaoh to release the Jews so they could go to Canaan
          • God sent plagues to egypt = Pharaoh released jews
    • The 10 commandments
      • Gives jews guidence about how to have a good relationship with God
      • 'You shall not murder"
      • You shall not commit adultery"
    • Key Moral principles in Judaism
      • Justice
        • Bringing out what is right and fair or making up for what is wrong
        • Sacred duty for Jews e.g. 'to do justice and to love goodness'(Micah 6:8)
        • Torah gives guidence to help treat the poor = achieve justice
      • Healing the World
        • taking action to help sustain God's work
        • Jews might volunteer for a charity e.g. World Jewish Relief which helps those in poverty
        • Obeying the mitzvot and trying to become closer to God
      • Kindness to others
        • showing positive and caring actions to all
        • Torah gives guidence
        • love others as they love themselves "Love your fellow as yourself" (torah)
    • Sanctity of Life
      • God breathed life into adam and the whole creation
      • life is valuable and sacred as it is given by god
      • God gave life to humans so only god has the right to take it away = jews have a duty to preserve life e.g. no euthanasia or murder
    • Pikuach Nefesh (saving a life)
      • obligation, even if it breaks jewish law
      • emphasises how valuable human life is to jews, as it puts human life above law
      • Break shabbat law to save life e.g. drive person to hospital
    • Mitzvot
      • give guidence to jews upon how to use their free will correctly
      • Between man and God
        • How jews can improve their relationship with God
        • commandments are vital e.g. honour the sabbath and do not worship other Gods
      • Between Man and Man
        • improve their relationship with others
        • Torah teaches that Jews should show their love towards others = loving God
        • live in the community in a way that pleases god

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