Joints in the Body Summary

Mindmap of joints in the body - summary of joints and focus on knee joint. Summary of antagonistic muscles.

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  • Joints in the Body
    • Knee Joint
      • Tendon - Joins muscle to bone
      • Ligament - Joins bone to bone, strong and flexiable
      • Synovial Membrane - Secretes synovial fluid
        • Synovial Fluid - Acts as a lubricant
      • Cartilage - Absorbs Synovial fluid, acts as a shock absorber
      • Pad of Cartilage - Gives additional protection
      • Fibrous capsule - Encloses joints
      • Example of a Hinge Joint
      • Cruciate Ligaments - for stability
    • Examples of Joints
      • Ball and Socket
        • Hip
        • Shoulder
      • Hinge
        • Elbow
        • Knee
      • Pivot
        • Neck
      • Gliding
        • Wrist
      • Saddle
        • Thumb
    • Arm Muscle
      • Bending
        • Bicep contracts whilst the tricep relaxes
        • Bicep muscle is a flexor muscle
      • Extention
        • The tricep contracts whilst the bicep relaxes
        • Tricep muscle is an extensor muscle
      • Example of antagonistic muscles
        • A pair of muscles that work together to create movement. One contracts whilst the other relaxes.
    • Components  in a joint
      • Bone
        • Strong and hard
      • Cartilage
        • Hard but flexible
      • Tendon
        • Strong but inelastic
      • Ligaments
        • Strong and flexiable

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