Liberalism John Stuart Mill

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  • John Stuart Mill
    • Harm principle
      • All individuals are free to make their own decisions as they are rational
      • Individuals can do anything even if it harms themselves, however they can not do anything that will harm anyone other than themselves
      • Nobody can force anyone to do something they don't want to do, the government can not ban people from doing bad things (drugs) just persuade them not to
    • "The only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any member of a civilized community, against his will, is to prevent the harm to others"
    • "Over himself, over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign"
    • Tolerance
      • There are benefits of tolerating unpopular oppinions
        • They may be correct or you may benefit from dissucussion
      • "If mankind minus one, were of one opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he... would be justified silancing mankind"
    • "If the opinion is right, they are deprived of the opportunity of exchanging error for the truth"
    • Classical liberal: individual freedom is best achieved by the state playing minimal role (neoliberal)
    • Egotistical individualism- individuals are self interested and quickly learn to become self reliant
    • Believed in rationalism- because all individuals are rational they are capable of making their own decisions
    • Believed in negative freedom, we should be able to do what  we please
    • Would want a free market economy without government intervention (laissez-faire capitalism)


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