John Hunter

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  • Created on: 02-11-18 13:47
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  • John Hunter
    • Background
      • Born February 13th 1728 (Lanarkshire, Scotland)
      • Died October 16th 1793 (London, England)
        • He suffered from angina pectoris an died of a coronary occlusion
      • Founder of the pathological anatomy in England
      • He went to London in 1748 to assist his prepare dissections for his brother.
      • His brother William was a famed Obstetrician
      • In 1760 he accepted a commission as an Army Surgeon
    • Experiments
      • To show that Gonorrhoea and Syphilis were different he gave himself the diseases and developed symptoms from both.
      • He experimented with transplant operations on Chickens
      • He transplanted human teeth, but his original attempts were failures because of graft rejection
        • He realised the need for fresh transplant tissue and a size match
      • He tied ligatures around a stag's carotid artery to demonstrate collateral circulation.
        • He translated this research to formulate procedures that could bypass vascular aneurysms.
      • He performe the first dissection of an elephant when the kings elephant died.
    • His Role in Educating Others
      • In 1764 he set up his own anatomy school in London
      • He developed new techniques for dealing with gunshot wounds and venereal disease.
      • In 1763 he began to build his private practice
      • Edward Jenner (who made the first small pox vaccine) was one of his students
      • He moved to a large house in Leicester Square and arranged a teaching museum for his students
      • In 1768 he was elected Surgeon to St George's Hospital
    • Museums and Specimens
      • When he died his collection was bought by the nation.
      • His set up his own museum in 1783
      • His museum had about five thousand wet preparations, three thousand stuffed or dried animals,
      • His museum also had one thousand and two hundred fossils, nearly 1000 osteology specimens and almost a thousand diseased organs.
      • His collection is now kept at the Royal College of Surgens
      • He collected specimens of lizards and other animals.
      • As his reputation grew he was supplied wth rare specimens such as kangaroos.
    • Books and Research
      • He wrote a book on venereal disease, which was the first text to discuss it in a non-judgmental manner
      • To research Venereal Disease he infected himself with Gonorrhea and Syphilis
      • He worked on things like Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Child Development, Gunshot Wounds and Dentistry
      • John Hunter's A Treatise on the Blood, Inflammation and Gunshot Wounds was published in 1794
      • John Hunter studied human reproductive anatomy, and in eighteenth century England, performed one of the earliest described cases of artificial insemination.
      • He helped to describe the exchange of blood between pregnant women and their fetuses

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