Jazz

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  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 27-05-14 21:28
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  • Jazz
    • Origins
      • Fusion of African and European traditions.
      • From Dixieland Jazz in New Orleans - 1900s.
      • 1930s/40s - Swing music became popular.
        • A type of Jazz music that could be danced to. More structured.
      • 1940s - Bebop, fast with lots of improvisation.
        • Complex harmonies, syncopated rhythms, irregular phrase lengths.
    • Instruments
      • JAZZ BAND
        • FRONT ROW
          • Trumpet
          • Trombone
          • Clarinet
          • Saxophones
          • Improvised solos
        • RHYTHM SECTION
          • Piano
          • Guitar
          • Drums
          • Double Bass
      • BIG BAND
        • Saxophones
        • Trumpets
        • Trombones
        • RHYTHM SECTION
        • SAX SECTION
          • Alto, Tenor and Baritone saxophones
    • Rhythm
      • Early Jazz - 12-bar blues.
      • Syncopated and swung rhythms.
    • Improvisation
      • Front Row - improvise.
        • Pianist or guitarist support the soloist by comping - playing chords under the solo.
      • Jazz singers
        • Scat - improvised singing.
    • Other
      • Blue notes - flattened 3rds, 7ths and sometimes 5ths of a major scale.
      • Louis Armstrong, Glenn Miller.
    • Dixieland Jazz
      • Mix of brass band, marches, ragtime and blues.
      • Polyphonic (different parts moving at different times) and full texture.
      • Contrasts melody and rhythm sections.

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