Recording Technology

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  • Jazz Recording Process
    • Acoustic Recording - Tin Roof Blues (1923)
      • Involved horns and a small wax disc connected to a cutting stylus, Which left grooves
        • The room had to be 30 degrees to keep the wax soft enough
        • Wax discs could record for 3 - 4 minutes
          • A red light would switch on after 2 and a half minutes
      • Sound
        • Balancing sound was difficult. Had to stand different distances away
          • Drummers could not use their full drum kit for example bass drums could not be used. Also, banjos were preferred to inaudible guitars
        • Muffled and poor quality
      • Limitations
        • Could be no mistakes as can only be recorded once
        • Time limit
        • 30 degrees room to record
        • Couldn't edit after recording
        • Difficult to balance sound
        • Lower frequencies were difficult to pick up
    • Electrical Recording - Manteca (1947)
      • Recorded using an amplifier and microphones on an acetate disc
      • Sound
        • Better audio frequency range
        • Could hear higher notes and bass notes
        • Drums and percussion could be used
      • Common use of FM radio prompted improvement to sound quality
      • Limitations
        • Still a muffled sound
        • Can't edit recording
    • Analogue Recording -  Round Midnight (1956)
      • Recorded using microphones e.g. A Newmann 44
      • You can edit the music after
      • Better sound quality

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