Jazz Music

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  • Created by: Amy2102
  • Created on: 26-03-16 16:56
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  • Jazz
    • Key Features
      • Syncopated, Swung rhythm
      • Walking bass, a steady base line, made up of notes on the beat
      • Seat singing- singing nonsense notes instead of words
      • 12 bar blues - 12 bar chord pattern
      • Blues scale - A major scale with flattened 3rd 5th and 7th degrees
      • Comping - Accompanying an improvised solo with chords on piano
      • Stabs- Staccato chords played on brass instruments
      • Glisando
      • Instrumental Break
      • Improvisation
    • Originated in the Southern States of America
    • Famous Musicians
      • Louis Armstrong
      • Duke Ellington
      • Miles Davis
      • Chick Corea
    • Performing Jazz
      • For large ensembles Jazz is written out but in most other styles jazz is improvised
      • A Jazz piece is often constructed from a lead sheet
      • The main idea is called the head which is memorised by the performers
      • The jazz band is frequently split into the Frontline ( melody ) and the rhythm section.
        • Rhythm Instruments include Pianos, Bass, Drums and Guitar
        • Frontline instruments include Trumpet, Saxophone and Clarinet
    • Structure
      • Everyone plays the head
        • Frontline Instruments take turns at the solos
          • Everyone plays the head to finnish
  • The jazz band is frequently split into the Frontline ( melody ) and the rhythm section.
    • Rhythm Instruments include Pianos, Bass, Drums and Guitar
    • Frontline instruments include Trumpet, Saxophone and Clarinet

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