Japanese Earthquake & Tsunami

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  • Japanese Earthquake & Tsunami 2011
    • Effects
      • Environmental
        • Earth axis shifted by 25cm
        • Earth changed shape
        • Japanese coast moved 3m out to sea
        • Coast dropped reducing tsunami defence
        • Infrastructure destroyed
          • Meltdown at Fukushima
        • Liquefaction
        • 10 billion tonnes water
          • Sendai
        • Trigger further south? Tokyo???
      • Social
        • 15,000 dead
          • 5,000 missing, presumed dead
            • Many lost everything
        • Radiation from Fukushima
          • People evacuated
        • Sendai
          • Airport destroyed
            • Temp shelters full
        • No power
        • Schools and hospitals destroyed
        • Hawaii evacuations
        • Miramisanriku
          • 50% people died
          • 95% buildings destroyed
    • Causes
      • Plate boundaries
        • Destructive
          • Pacific plate sinking under Eurasian plate
      • Pacific Ring of Fire
        • Extremely active tectonic area
    • Human Response
      • Automatic warnings
        • Mobile phones & TV
        • 1-min earthquake
        • 20-min tsunami
        • Hawaii Pacific Earthquake facility
          • Warned other Pacific countries
            • Only one non-Japanese fatality
      • Data collected for research
      • Immediate response from Japanese military
        • cleared debris
      • International aid and rescue groups sent
      • Earthquake drills saved lives
      • No mass panic

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