Japan 2011

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  • Created by: Aimis
  • Created on: 16-11-15 09:44
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  • Japan earthquake and tsunami 2011
    • Causes - Human
      • did not try to escape to dry land
      • regular drills so did not take situation seriously
    • Prediction
      • tsunami warning kicked in
      • only  minutes for the coast to escape
      • tsunami warning saved many lives
    • Causes - Physical
      • 500km segment slipped upwards
      • North American subducted by Pacific Plate
      • seawater displaced causing tsunami
    • Long - term response
      • abl e to cope with the earthquake
      • tsunmai defences iadequate
      • future contingency plans - level of defence
      • private companies with heavy costs
    • Facts
      • 9.0 Magnitude earthquake
      • 10m tsunami
      • 2:46pm local time
      • Fourth largest earthquake
      • 100km west of Sendai
    • Prevention
      • Tsunami overwhelmed defences
      • They had not prepared for an earthquake and tsunami this size
      • Skyscrapers with earthquake-proof designs had limited damage
    • Effects - Secondary
      • half million people homeless
      • 1 million hoes witout running water
      • electricty cut off to 6 million homes
      • ratuioned petrol
      • food, water and medical supplie shortage
      • 700 aftershocks which caused panic
      • explosion and radiation leaks from fukushima
      • fears of nuclear disaster caused panic across the world
    • Short term responses
      • survivors lived in shelter and hoarded supplies
      • rescue worker searched submerged homes
      • helicopter crews saved stranded survivors
      • 100 000 soldiers to rescue, distribute blankets and water
      • aid from the USA and China
      • exclusion zone zone set up aroud Fukishima
    • Effects - Primary
      • Japanese coast dropped by more than a metre
      • ground shaking caused builidngs to collapse
      • broken  gas pipes caused fired
      • tsunami swept away cars, boats and houses
      • flooded almost 500 square metres
      • whole cities ruined when water receded
      • oil refinaery oil tank explosion
      • over 25 000 dead or missing

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