Italy under French Rule 1796-1815

  • Created by: hastr010
  • Created on: 09-06-19 11:27
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  • Italy Under French Rule 1796-1815
    • Church
      • Loss of power and two Popes were even imprisoned in France
      • 1809 - end of temporal power: Papal States governed by the Fench
      • Pope remained spiritual head of the Church
      • The French had shut down almost all monasteries by 1814
      • Church Land sold of to wealthy families
    • Conscription
      • Conscripted into French army
      • 27,000 men accompanied Napoleon to Russia and only 1000 returned
      • Conscription taxes were largely resented
      • 60% of tax revenue funded military expenditure, even during peacetime
      • Many learnt about nationalism and common goals from french as well as French ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
    • Set up
      • 20 million lived on the peninsula so life was different for differnet people
      • Napoleon Crowned himself King of Italy and divided it into 3 parts
        • 1/3 - France: Piedmont, Central Duchies, Papal States,
        • 1/3 - Kingdom of Italy: Lombardy, Modena, Bologna, Romagna and Ferrara
        • 1/3 - Kingdom of Naples: belonged to Britian, didn't contain Sicily
        • Kingdom of Sicily was also formed
    • Wealthy
      • Unclear whether they suffered or not
      • Some benefitted from the ale of Church land
    • Peasants
      • Life didn't really change
      • Made up 80-90% of the population
      • Ignored before and ignored after
      • Average age of marriage was very young: 19, given dowry gifts. In sardinia, women had to hand make their dowry gifts, head of the family must remain a batchelor.
      • Poor living conditions
      • Many grew and eat maize which caused pellagra, 95,000 died from this in one year in Venetia
      • Many left farms and became bandits
      • Young women moved to towns where they found, cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis and other diseases from over crowding and poor water hygeine.
      • Many women had to abandon babies at foundling hospitals in which there were high death rates.
    • Urban Groups
      • Substantial benefits
      • Professional men/families did well e.g. Doctors, Lawyers
      • Tradesmen, artians and craftsman benefitted from improved financial and business standards
      • Removal of Trade barries, external customs barriers simplified
      • New and better roads build/transport improved
      • Reorganised tax collection
      • Code Napoleon: Increased industry, vaccination against small pox, street lighting, 2 chamber gov. in each state, liberty, equality, fraternity


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