Italy - Hazards Case Study

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  • Italy - Hazardous setting Case Study
    • Fault lines = north-south & east-west across centre
    • Destructive plate margin - Eurasian & African plates
    • Assisi, 1997, 3 earthquakes magnitude 6.4
    • L'Aquila, April 2009 , 6.3 magnitude
      • Caused by  north-south fault line movement
      • Killed 300, 70,000 homeless, US $15 bil
    • Amatrice, Aug-Oct 2016, series of quakes
    • Pre 2009 L'Aquila = no quake for 300 yrs
      • Risks known - attempt to mitigate
        • Strict building regs = newer buildings designed & built to withstand quakes
          • However , city = old, regs not enforced = buildings destroyed
      • Character reflects impacts
        • Political
          • Officials blamed didn't give enough warning = tension between residents & officials
          • Not rebuilding quick enough or involving residents about how it would be rebuilt
          • Residents feel disconnected & lack of support
        • Economic
          • University buildings = unusable = student enrolment decrease = economic loss
            • Plans to reconstruct, if successful = busier & more affluent
        • Social
          • Historic buildings = destroyed = people rehoused in quake resistant homes in new towns
          • Young people left = altered architectural & social character
          • Attendance at religious events declined
            • E.g. Good Friday procession 2016 = 1000, before quake = 30,000
          • People reluctant to use new shops, bars, restaurants = many closed down
          • Mental health issues = fear, others developed coping strategies = resilience

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