Issues and Debates- Free will vs Determinism

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  • Free will vs Determinism
    • Determinism
      • Psychic Determinism- Thoughts and feelings are determined by life or death instincts and by repressed conflicts.
      • Soft Determinism-  people have a choice (free will) yet at the same time behaviour is to some extent predictable and does have a cause.
    • Free Will
      • Free Will- The idea that we are able to have some choice in how we act and assumes that we are free to choose our behaviour, we are self determined.
    • The Scientific emphasis on causal explanations
      • Science is heavily deterministic in its search for causal relationships (explanations) as it seeks to discover whether X causes Y, or whether the independent variable causes changes in the dependent variable.


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