issues and debates

  • Created by: sophiemai
  • Created on: 17-04-19 11:18
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  • issues & debates
    • freewill vs determinsm
      • behaviours are due to our own choices vs genetic, fears, society
        • biological, environmental & psychic determinism
      • eval for free will; 1- mental benifits 2- fMRIs proves different
      • eval for determinism; 1- real life application 2- legal system
    • nature vs nurture
      • behaviour due to genetics or environment
      • realitive importance - looking at how thay interact
        • epigenetics - learnt through envi passed on genetically
      • interactionist approach- cannot separate so study interactiosn - e.g. diathesis stress model
      • eval or nurture; 1- supporting - learning approach attach, zietburgers bio psy 2 against- MZ twins different
      • eval nature; 1- supporting- OCD + SZ genetics 2- against - socially sensitive/ predjudice
    • wholism vs reductionism
      • looking at the whole picture vs breaking it down into component parts
        • biological - genes, environmental stimulus reponse
        • levels of explanation ; lower down = more reductionist
        • eval holism; 1- some behaviours need all parts to explain, 2- not very scientific
        • eval reductionism; 1- real life application 2- over simplification
    • idographic vs nomothetic
      • looking at the specific individual - no comprision to others vs attempting to create general laws based off large groups of people
      • eval idograph; 1- shows all detail possible 2- restricted, cannot genralise
      • eval nomothetic; 1- more scientific 2- whole person may be lost
    • gender bias
      • alpha - exaggerated differnce beta- minimising differences
      • androcentrism - norms in society based off men
      • eval; 1- serious implications 2- sexism 3- methodology 4- awareness is helpful
    • cultural bias
      • weird - western educated industrialised rich democrates
      • most studies dont accurately rep the population
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