Islamic practices

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  • Islamic Practices
    • 5 Pillars
      • Everyone follows these
      • Shahdah - declaration of faith
        • 'There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger.'
          • First and last thing a person hears in their life
        • First and last thing a person hears in their life
      • Sawm - fasting
        • Ramadan - Men & Women if they are healthy must go without food and drink from sunrise to sunset
          • No fasting if you are - a child, breastfeeding, a pregnant woman, travelling or elderly.
          • Importance?
            • Helps Muslims get closer to Allah and reminds them of their duties.
            • Being hungry & thirsty helps them to understand the struggles of the poor.
            • Should use this month to forgive others
            • Gives Muslims a time to think about what they say and do and try to change for the better.
        • No smoking or sex during daylight hours.
        • No bad thoughts or actions.
        • Try to read the whole Qur'an over the month
          • Some may even memorize bits or all of it
      • Salah - Prayer
        • All Muslims must pray 5 times a day, from sunrise to sunset. Times change depending on the country and time of year
          • Shi'a Muslims combine the midday & afternoon prayers and the sunset & night prayers so they pray 3 times a day.
            • Many also say 'and Ali is the friend of God'.
        • It's important for Muslims to be clean before praying so they was beforehand. - Wudu
          • They wash or wipe different parts of the face and body.
            • Shi'a - wipe the front of their head and the top of the feet
            • Sunni - They wash the whole head and wash their feet
        • Muslims should face Makkah while praying, and have a compass or app to show them the way to it.
        • Shi'a Muslims touch their foreheads to a block of element from the earth (eg. clay or wood) as they believe they should put their foreheads on something natural to remind them that they came and will end up in the Earth
        • Each Salah session has a set of actions and prayers - Rak'ah. It is done in Arabic
        • Importance?
          • Allah told them to pray and Muhammad showed them how
          • Bowing down etc. reminds Muslims that Allah is greater and more important than they are.
      • Hajj - Pilgrimage
        • Should be done by all Muslims at least once in their lives.
        • Some communities give money to help poorer Muslims make the trip
        • 'Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to God by people who are able to undertake it.'
        • All Muslims wear simple white clothing - Ihram - so they are all equal and pure before Allah
        • Importance?
          • Chance to leave the distractions of everyday life & focus on their religion and God
          • Self-discipline
          • It makes them a better person
          • They can have their sins forgiven
      • Zakah - Giving to charity
        • Muslims who have enough savings MUST give up 2.5% (or more if they wish)
          • Reminds Muslims not to give in to greed
        • Importance?
          • Qur'an tells Muslims that it is a duty
          • Practical way of showing you care about others
          • Makes the rich support the poor so it makes the community stronger
    • 10 Obligatory Acts of Islam - Shi'a
      • Khums - 20% tax on all income after paid expenses
      • Jihad - the struggle to keep your faith and defend Islam
        • Greater - Personal inward struggle           Lesser - outward struggle to defend Islam from threats
        • A holy war can only happen if: - a fair religious leader says so, there's an extreme threat to the people because they are Muslim, every other peaceful response has been tried, innocent civilians are not targeted, must not be to gain money or land, or to convert people
      • Amr-bil-Maruf - Encourage good actions
      • Zakah - Giving to charity
        • Muslims who have enough savings MUST give up 2.5% (or more if they wish)
          • Reminds Muslims not to give in to greed
        • Importance?
          • Qur'an tells Muslims that it is a duty
          • Practical way of showing you care about others
          • Makes the rich support the poor so it makes the community stronger
      • Salah - Prayer
        • All Muslims must pray 5 times a day, from sunrise to sunset. Times change depending on the country and time of year
          • Shi'a Muslims combine the midday & afternoon prayers and the sunset & night prayers so they pray 3 times a day.
            • Many also say 'and Ali is the friend of God'.
        • It's important for Muslims to be clean before praying so they was beforehand. - Wudu
          • They wash or wipe different parts of the face and body.
            • Shi'a - wipe the front of their head and the top of the feet
            • Sunni - They wash the whole head and wash their feet
        • Muslims should face Makkah while praying, and have a compass or app to show them the way to it.
        • Shi'a Muslims touch their foreheads to a block of element from the earth (eg. clay or wood) as they believe they should put their foreheads on something natural to remind them that they came and will end up in the Earth
        • Each Salah session has a set of actions and prayers - Rak'ah. It is done in Arabic
        • Importance?
          • Allah told them to pray and Muhammad showed them how
          • Bowing down etc. reminds Muslims that Allah is greater and more important than they are.
      • Sawm - fasting
        • Ramadan - Men & Women if they are healthy must go without food and drink from sunrise to sunset
          • No fasting if you are - a child, breastfeeding, a pregnant woman, travelling or elderly.
          • Importance?
            • Helps Muslims get closer to Allah and reminds them of their duties.
            • Being hungry & thirsty helps them to understand the struggles of the poor.
            • Should use this month to forgive others
            • Gives Muslims a time to think about what they say and do and try to change for the better.
        • No smoking or sex during daylight hours.
        • No bad thoughts or actions.
        • Try to read the whole Qur'an over the month
          • Some may even memorize bits or all of it
      • Hajj - Pilgrimage
        • Should be done by all Muslims at least once in their lives.
        • Some communities give money to help poorer Muslims make the trip
        • 'Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to God by people who are able to undertake it.'
        • All Muslims wear simple white clothing - Ihram - so they are all equal and pure before Allah
        • Importance?
          • Chance to leave the distractions of everyday life & focus on their religion and God
          • Self-discipline
          • It makes them a better person
          • They can have their sins forgiven
      • Tabarra - keeping away from the enemies of God
      • Tawallah - Being loving towards friends of God
      • Nahi Anil Munkar - Discourage evil actions
    • Festivals
      • Id-ul-Fitr
        • Celebrated at the end of Ramadan
      • Ashura
        • Sunni - Day of atonement - Israelites escaping Egypt with Musa (Moses)
        • Shi'a - a day of sadness for the death of Husayn killed at battle. They wear black, have processions and cry and some may cut or beat themselves
          • British officials encourage blood donating instead of cutting or beating
      • Id-ul-Adha
        • Festival of sacrifice - remembering the story of Ibrahim and how he was about to sacrifice his son before God stopped him.
          • In Muslim countries an animal is sacrificed, in Britain meat is bought and given to the poor instead.

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