Islamic Beliefs

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  • Islamic Beliefs
    • Sunni
      • Holy Books
        • The Qur'an
          • Influences a person throughout their life
          • Contains basics of worship
          • Contains the Shariah Law and social systems
          • Explains creation and other big questions about the purpose of life and what happens after death.
          • Reveals scientific ideas
        • The Other Holy Books
          • Torah - believed to have been revealed by Moses. Mentioned 18 times in Qur'an
          • Gospels - taught by Jesus (Isa)
          • Psalms - 150 songs, prayers and psalms inspired by Allah
      • Angels
        • Jobs - Guardian Angels, OR, Record the actions of humans in books for the day of Judgement
        • Pure & Sinless beings made from light with no free will.
        • 'We do not descend except for the command of our Lord.'
        • Jibril - Messenger to Muhammad    Mika'il - Nourisher of the earth and angel of mercy.
      • Day of Judgement
        • God will judge everyone on the day of Judgement according to their actions throughout their lives.
          • Life is a test
          • Influences
            • Muslims may help others when life gets difficult.
              • Judged / rewarded for their actions.
              • Donations
      • Supremacy of God's will
        • God is the one and only creator and controller of everything, nothing happens unless He allows it to.
        • Inshallah - God willing
    • Shi'a
      • Justice of God
        • Akhirah - life after death
          • New bodies will be given to the dead in the afterlife either in hell or heaven.
      • Resurrection / Life after death
        • Akhirah - life after death
          • New bodies will be given to the dead in the afterlife either in hell or heaven.
        • Jannah - Heaven - a garden of happiness.
          • 'A reward for what they used to do.'
        • Jahannam - Hell - A place of fire and great torment.
          • 'They will dwell amid scorching wind and scalding water.'
        • Influences
          • Encourages Muslims to be responsible and face up to their wrongs
          • Reminds them to avoid sin and do the right things
          • Encourages faith in justice - people will not 'get away with' their wrongdoing and people who have suffered will have something better to look forward to
      • Imamate
        • The appointment of the religious leaders after Muhammad's death
          • Sunni Islam - believe Abu Bakr was the right leader. There's a lot of respect for the first leaders or caliphs.
          • Shi'a Islam - believe Ali would have been the right leader. They don't the 3 other caliphs as proper leaders. They say the successors of Ali are Imams
          • Imams are faultless and give guidance from God.       They are protected from committing any sin in order to keep the religion pure and true. They have the final authority on all matters of faith and law.
      • Prophethood
        • Sunni
          • Holy Books
            • The Qur'an
              • Influences a person throughout their life
              • Contains basics of worship
              • Contains the Shariah Law and social systems
              • Explains creation and other big questions about the purpose of life and what happens after death.
              • Reveals scientific ideas
            • The Other Holy Books
              • Torah - believed to have been revealed by Moses. Mentioned 18 times in Qur'an
              • Gospels - taught by Jesus (Isa)
              • Psalms - 150 songs, prayers and psalms inspired by Allah
          • Angels
            • Jobs - Guardian Angels, OR, Record the actions of humans in books for the day of Judgement
            • Pure & Sinless beings made from light with no free will.
            • 'We do not descend except for the command of our Lord.'
            • Jibril - Messenger to Muhammad    Mika'il - Nourisher of the earth and angel of mercy.
          • Day of Judgement
            • God will judge everyone on the day of Judgement according to their actions throughout their lives.
              • Life is a test
              • Influences
                • Muslims may help others when life gets difficult.
                  • Judged / rewarded for their actions.
                  • Donations
          • Supremacy of God's will
            • God is the one and only creator and controller of everything, nothing happens unless He allows it to.
            • Inshallah - God willing
        • Risalah - prophets are an important channel of communication between God & humans
          • 'God took Ibrahim as a friend.'
          • Ibrahim - Refused to worship idols and destroyed them instead.
            • Rescued by a miracle via God
          • Adam - believed to be the first ever prophet.
      • Tawhid
        • The belief that there is only one God. - Most important belief in Islam
          • 'There is no God but Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him; He is in charge of everything'
          • Influences
            • Muslims will give their whole life to the will of Allah and they will obey any and all commands.
            • Nothing can be more important that Allah - this is Shirk and is the most unforgivable sin
            • The must trust Allah, they have nothing to fear even if they do not understand his plan.
        • 99 names, but the same being

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