Islam Practices

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  • Created by: Study768
  • Created on: 03-06-18 10:55
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  • Islam Practices
    • Five Pillars in Islam
      • Shahdah
        • First Pillar in Islam and the deceleration of faith
        • 'There is no God but Allah and his Messenger Muhammed'
        • Said in time of need and when declaring your faith
        • Significant because it is the way you enter the faith and is the first pillar in Islam making it the most important
      • Salat
        • The Second Pillar in Islam and the Five Daily Prayers
        • The five Daily Prayers are...
          • Salat al-fajir: takes place before sunrise being the first prayer of the day
          • Salat al- Zuhr: Takes place Midday and the second prayer
          • Salat al-asr: the third prayer and take place late afternoon
          • Salat al-magrib: the fourth prayer of the day taking place just after sunset
          • Salt al-Isha: final prayer of the day taking place between sunset and midnight
        • Before it occurs ablution takes place known as 'Wudu' In which one cleanses themselves spiritually and physically
      • Sawm
        • Fasting which takes place on the ninth month of the Islamic calandar
        • It takes place on the month in which the Qur'an was revealed and some may try to read the Qur'an during the month and avoid sin as the month is seen to be as holy
        • People exempted from the fast are those pregnant, menstruating, ill and in infancy
      • Zakat
        • 2.5% of your savings is donated to charity annually and is the third Pillar in Islam
      • Hajj
        • The pilgrimage which takes place on the last month of the Islamic calendar and is the final Pillar in Islam
        • Those who are physically, mentally and financially stable are obliged to perform this rite
        • During this process if one does it with commitment without sin then they will come out form it sinless like a newborn baby
        • Rituals
          • Wearing white clothing called an Ihram to ***** one f any social status
          • Travelling to a nearby hillside in Mina known as Arafat where yo beg for forgiveness for your sins for the whole day
          • You go to the Jamarat Bridge then in which the stoning ritual occurs for the whole of the day (sunrise to sunset) on the last day of Hajj
          • A self significant type of Hajj also takes place in which you walk back and fourth seven time from the mountains Safa and Marwah and this is known as Ummrah and can take place any tome
    • Festivals
      • Ashura
        • Sunni
          • Remember the day Noah left the arc after the flood
          • Remember when the Israelite were freed from Egypt
          • Also Remember the death of Hussein
        • Shi'a
          • Takes place on the first month of the Islamic calendar being referred to Muharram
          • Remembers the battle of Karbala in which Yazid and Hussein fought Hussein dying on the 10th October
          • To show their commemoration Shi'a Muslims may Self-flagellate by hitting themselves and may also donate blood, this is so they can emphasise with the suffering of God
      • Eid
        • Eid ul-fitr
          • It is celebrated by dressing up in fine clothes, exchanging gifts, and spending time with their family
          • Celebrates the end of the fast and celebrates the strength and self-control given by Allah to complete the fasts of the whole month
        • Eid ul-adha
          • Celebrates the obedience of Ibrahim towards Allah as he was willing to sacrifice his own son Ismail but in the end Allah changed his will saying Ibrahim to sacrifice a ram instead
          • It is celebrated by dressing up in fine clothes, exchanging gifts, and spending time with their family
          • A ram is often cut into thirds, one third given to the family, another to neighbours or relatives and the last to the poor

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