Int'l Military and Criminal Tribunals

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  • International Military and Criminal Tribunals
    • Hybrid Criminal Courts
      • Special Court for Sierra Leone
        • Charles Taylor (blood diamonds)
        • Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
          • Problems w/ independence & impartiality
          • 'War Crimes Chamber of State Court'
            • Relevant for ICTY 'completion strategy
            • Special Court for Lebanon
              • terrorism (Hariri killing)
    • International Criminal Court
      • Statute adopted 1998
      • 123 States parties
      • Began July 2002
      • No retroactivity
      • Dependent upon state cooperation/ enforcement
      • Adversarial system - x examination
      • Courts can join for one case
      • ICC Jurisdiction
        • NOT universal -temporal
          • Connected to member states
            • Referred by State party (Article 14)
              • UNSC can also refer under Chapt VII
                • UNSC can suspend ICC
              • Prosecutor can give out proprio motu. (own initiative)
      • Article 17(3) - Unable
        • Collapse/ unavailability judicial system
      • 'Trigger mechanism'
        • Art. 13 ICCSt
        • A. State
          • B. SC
            • C. Prosecutor proprio motu.
              • Article 15
                • Danger of 'Kenneth Starr syndrome' - Clinton
                • Prosecutor brings case independently
          • State referrals
            • First cases were
              • DCR, Uganda, CAR, Mali
      • Safeguards
        • Art. 15(3) - reasonable basis to proceed
        • Art. 15(3) - authorisation of pre - trial chamber
        • Art. 18(1) - notification
    • ICTY
      • Resolution 827 (1993)
        • After Soviet Union breakdown
      • in The Hague
      • 80,000 Bosnian men and boys - was it really genocide?
      • Serve sentence elsewhere
      • Tadic - what constitutes war crime
  • Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
    • Problems w/ independence & impartiality
    • 'War Crimes Chamber of State Court'
      • Relevant for ICTY 'completion strategy
      • Special Court for Lebanon
        • terrorism (Hariri killing)
  • 18 judges
    • Ad Hoc, Trial and Appeal levels
    • International Criminal Court
      • Statute adopted 1998
      • 123 States parties
      • Began July 2002
      • No retroactivity
      • Dependent upon state cooperation/ enforcement
      • Adversarial system - x examination
      • Courts can join for one case
      • ICC Jurisdiction
        • NOT universal -temporal
          • Connected to member states
            • Referred by State party (Article 14)
              • UNSC can also refer under Chapt VII
                • UNSC can suspend ICC
              • Prosecutor can give out proprio motu. (own initiative)
      • Article 17(3) - Unable
        • Collapse/ unavailability judicial system
      • 'Trigger mechanism'
        • Art. 13 ICCSt
        • A. State
          • B. SC
            • C. Prosecutor proprio motu.
              • Article 15
                • Danger of 'Kenneth Starr syndrome' - Clinton
                • Prosecutor brings case independently
          • State referrals
            • First cases were
              • DCR, Uganda, CAR, Mali
      • Safeguards
        • Art. 15(3) - reasonable basis to proceed
        • Art. 15(3) - authorisation of pre - trial chamber
        • Art. 18(1) - notification
  • Article 17(2) - unwilling
    • Shielding/ sham trial
      • Delay
        • Not independent/ impartial
  • Case has sufficient gravity
    • Art. 53(1) - 'interests of justice'
  • Art. 17(1)  - State
    • Nat. jurisdictions have to try first - threshold.
  • State
    • Unwilling/ unable
      • ICC
        • Deferral via UNSC
    • Complementarity scheme
  • UNSC
    • 2 referrals
      • Lybia
  • Kenya
    • Georgia  - withdrawn
      • Ivory Coast- acquittal
        • Burundi -not State party

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