Interpretations of why the French Revolution happened

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  • Interpretations
    • Marxist
      • Karl Marx
        • 18th Century
        • German Philosopher
      • Series of class struggles
        • Triumph of  working class
          • Proletariat
          • Won because the monarchy became bankrupt following war with America
          • Became economically stronger than the nobility
        • For equality
      • Dominant for 100 years until 1960's
      • Lefebvre: bourgeois revolution
        • Became economically stronger than the nobility
        • Rising bourgeoisie and declining aristocracy
      • Historians
        • A Mathiez
        • G Lefebvre
        • E Labrousse
        • A Soboul
          • Bourgeoisie contributed to the industrial capitalism in France
    • Revisionist
      • Political and financial changes
      • Gained momentum in 1960's
      • Anti-marxist
        • Marxist
          • Karl Marx
            • 18th Century
            • German Philosopher
          • Series of class struggles
            • Triumph of  working class
              • Proletariat
              • Won because the monarchy became bankrupt following war with America
            • For equality
          • Dominant for 100 years until 1960's
          • Lefebvre: bourgeois revolution
            • Rising bourgeoisie and declining aristocracy
          • Historians
            • A Mathiez
            • G Lefebvre
            • E Labrousse
            • A Soboul
              • Bourgeoisie contributed to the industrial capitalism in France
      • Focused on absolutism and role of Church
      • Was the revolution led by the Bourgeoisie?
        • Led by peasants
      • Historians
        • A Cobban
          • Validity of social interpretations?
        • G Taylor
        • C Lucas
        • W Doyle
        • F Furet
          • Focus on intellectual and cultural background
            • Enlightenment philosophers like Rousseau
        • G Lewis
          • Post-revisionist interpretation
            • Criticises revisionists
              • Revisionists don't recognise the importance of social causes
    • Social
      • Population trends
      • Class divisions
      • Links to Marxist
        • J Shennan
          • Uses detailed local research to get a better view
            • Financial problems following war with America
            • Series of bad harvests
          • Finance and government prevented land from developing to produce income
          • Long term resentments brought to a head in events just before 1789

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