international migration pattens in china

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  • international migration patterns in China
    • facts
      • 600,000 migrants in china
      • NET migration is -0.39 per 1000 populations
      • number of Chinese overseas is 35 million
      • illiteracy for males is 5% females is 14%
    • who immigrates to china?
      • many Chinese overseas have been offered incentives to return to their homeland, such as Chinese in Vietnam (200,000 Chinese had to return home) due to a conflict between the countries
      • north Koreans fled their country in 2004 and many tried and succeeded in immigrating into china
    • where people from china emigrate to?
      • 1985 - 15,000 students emigrated to the USA
      • a lot of Chinese workers also emigrated to the UK
      • today - California = 600,000..... new York = 400,000
    • push factors
      • social
        • overcrowding
      • environmental
        • farmland was scarce
      • economic
        • lots of people, not enough workers
      • political
        • one child policy
    • pull factors
      • social
        • family migrate to be with their families
      • environmental
        • grow a lot of rice in the paddy fields
      • economic
        • job opportunities
      • political
        • governments invest highly in technology in urban areas
    • positives of emigration
      • reduces overcrowding
      • reduce pressure on jobs and services
    • negatives of emigration
      • division in families
      • elderly will stay resulting in an ageing population
    • negatives of immigration
      • pressure on housing
      • pressure on public services
    • positives of immigration
      • increase the amount of money in china
      • immigrants prepared to do the underpaid and low skilled jobs

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