International Pollution Agreements

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • International Agreements
    • Kyoto Protocol 1997; Over 150 countries signed, not USA, reduce carbon emissions below 1990 levels by 5% between 2008 and 2012, legally binding in 2005. Bali, 2007, new targets, unsuccessful, Copenhagen, Denmark, 2009 , UN Climate Conference
      • EU countries show an 8% reduction. USA agreed to Bali, Rail, 2007
    • Montreal Protocol 1987: Aim of this agreement to phase out use of CFCs, in aerosols, fridges, air conditioning units by 2000. Damage ozone layer in atmosphere, harmful UV rays, success.
    • Cancun Climate change conference 2010. Deep cuts in emissions, limit global average temperature rise to 2 degrees celsius. Conservation, mitigation, management of forests, enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries. New institutions and processes. Committment of developed countries to provide money.
    • Denmark 2009, finalise new targets, 40,000 people, improved Kyoto, limit max global temp 2 degrees celsius, developed countries fund,
    • Durban conference
      • Cut world emissions, low carbon economy, legally binding by 2015, covering major emitters, India and China clashed with EU. Protect forests, widen global markets,
        • $100 billion fund to help poorer countries move to green economy
        • Scientists and environmental groups say more urgency is needed. Green climate fund. National Adaptation Plans - extreme weather. widen global markets, Canada, Russia and Japan dropped out of Kyoto, emissions offset instrument called CERS. Reward developing countries for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »