International Standing of the USA 1945-80

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  • International Standing of the US 1945-80
    • Economic power
      • Johnson
        • Economic boom 1963-67
          • Low unemployment
          • Low inflation
        • 1967-68 Inflation & Budget Deficit
          • 60% of Americans viewed high cost of living as main concern
    • Int'l image
      • Truman
        • Capitalist superpower (Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan)
        • Military superiority - atom bomb (1945)
        • Strongest economy
      • Eisenhower
        • Consumer boom led to US prestige as prosperous nation (1955 kitchen debate)
        • Peacemaker reputation - NATO (1949), SEATO, Korean War
        • World influence - covert warfare
      • Kennedy
        • Humiliated by Bay of Pigs as  imperialist etc.
        • Cuban Missile Crisis success in intimidating Khrushchev
          • But successful in containment
        • West 'free nation' propaganda - Ich Bin Ein Berlin
      • Johnson
        • US appeared like bully in Vietnam
          • But successful in containment
        • Seemed weak due to domestic problems in Cold War
          • Lacked support from allies
      • Nixon
        • Failed to carry out containment in S. Vietnam
        • Deposed regimes in Latin America using CIA
      • Ford and Carter
        • No longer had lead of 1945
        • GNP still highest in world
        • Somewhat successful diplomacy in ME
    • Military Power
      • Truman
        • Atomic bomb tested in 1945
        • Truman Doctrine - 1947 (moral duty of military to fight communism)
      • Eisenhower
        • Cont'd to stockpile nuclear weapons 1500 - 6000
          • H-bomb 1952
      • Kennedy
        • Naval and nuclear supremacy by 1963
    • Societal malaise
      • Criticism for human rights internationally

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