INTERNATIONAL CRISES

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  • 1956
  • BR attacked Egypt as Nasser had nationalised the Suez Canal
  • Suez = vital route way
  • 2/3 oil supplied for Europe passed through
  • BR feared the spread of USSR-backed Arab nationalisation
  • Eden (PM) assumed US would approve
  • Assumed Nasser could be easily overthrown
  • Invasion failed
  • Nasser's position strengthened
  • BR faced international criticism
  • Eden's resignation
  • KOREAN
  • To defend S.Korea
  • committed to preventing Communist expansion
  • BR still thought she was a major power
  • Vital for BR to maintain links with USA
  • Strengthened NATO
  • Confirmed a 'special relationship'
  • BR = junior partner
  • 700 BR and CW soldiers died
  • Worsened Britain's economic problems
  • High defence expenditure
  • FALKLANDS
  • To retake the Falklands islands
  • Occupied by Argentina
  • Risky operation-
  • Not guaranteed international support
  • BRs prestige as a major power was at stake
  • Thatcher gained support from
  • EU
  • UN
  • All political parties
  • USA
  • Reputation of British forces rose
  • Thatcher's popularity at home increased
  • High financial cost
  • GULF WAR
  • 1982
  • 1991
  • Sent forces as part of a US-led coalition
  • To liberate Kuwait after an Iraqi invasion
  • To show solidarity with USA
  • To protect oil supplies
  • Prevent further invasions from Saddam Hussein
  • To show that BR was still a major power
  • Coalition = successful
  • BR air power = key role
  • Anglo-American relations strengthened

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