Internal forms of social control

This resource focuses on the internal forms of social control and can help anybody studying either criminology or sociology.

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  • Internal forms of social control
    • Rational ideology
      • Criminal behaviour is no different to non-criminal behaviour - it is a person's conduct they undertake and the reason they choose to commit crime that they believe will be less costly and more rewarding than non-criminal behaviour.
      • Offenders do not have different personalities to non-offenders, they also were not socialised into a criminal belief whose norms require crime (Cornish and Clarke (1986), Kubrin et al (2009).
      • Before committing a crime, an individual will consider rationally what the costs and benefits are of doing this before reaching a decision of wehtehr or not to do it.
      • A person may also be under the belief that by committing a crime it will be more rewarding for them than if they were to commit behaviour that is non-criminal.
    • Tradition
      • Tradition is something that is carried down through the generations, it could be beliefs or customs which are carried down/inherited. A person's beliefs will usually influence how they think and act, such as a person's manners.
    • Internalisation of social rules and morality
      • Internalisation means integrating specific values and beliefs into a person's identity, it is thought that by internalising values into a person's identitiy, you will be able to predict their moral character.


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