Interactionism

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https://www.tutor2u.net/sociology/reference/sociological-theory-interactionism

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  • Created by: Joanaar
  • Created on: 24-11-20 19:11
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  • Interactionism
    • KEY CONCEPTS
    • Key interactionist thinkers
      • George Herbert Mead
        • Self and interactions with others
          • People play roles to understand others
            • by placing yourself into the role of others you can understand their reactions
            • Self-concept can only develop if people understand how others perceive them
      • Herbert Blumer
        • importance of meanings
          • Individuals behave in certain ways because of their interpretation of situations and what is appropriate
            • shaped over time and through future interactions, not fixed
      • Erving Goffman
        • The dramaturgical approach
          • People are social actors, assuming a persona in the same way an actor assumes a role
            • Through clothing, language, body, language and behaviours to present themselves in a desirable way
            • Without social interactions, people may lose sense of self/ change upon specific context
      • Howard Becker
        • labelling theory
          • looking-glass self- labels come to define the individual
          • labels are internalised and people see themselves the way other people see them
            • thus leading to a self-fulfilling prophecy
          • labels can be rejected and self defeating prophecies formed
    • Evaluation
      • Deterministic
        • assumes that concepts such as labels and the self influence the behaviour of individuals
      • ignores some of the wider social conflicts that might shape behaviours
        • offering a more psychological approach, rather than a sociological one
      • methodology used is subjective and small scale
        • based upon interpretations of researchers looking to prove a specific point and not generalisable to society

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