Insulin and Diabetes

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  • Insulin and Diabetes
    • Type 1:
      • Type 1 is a condition where the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
        • The result is that a persons blood sugar can rise to a level that can kill them
          • How it can be controlled:  Limiting the intake of food rich in simple  carbohydrates. For example sugars, which can cause the blood glucose level to rise rapidly
            • How it can be controlled: Injecting insulin into the blood several times a day. Often done at meal times so that the liver removes the glucose quickly once the food has been digested. This stops the level of glucose in the blood from getting to high.
              • The amount of insulin that needs to be injected depends on the persons diet and how active they are
                • Eating healthy diet reduces the amount needed to be injected
                • Doing regular exercise also can reduced the amount needed to be injected
    • Type 2:
      • Type 2 is a condition where the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or when some one becomes resistant to insulin ( their body cells don't respond propally
        • In both of these cases, blood sugar level rises
          • Obese people have an increase risk of developing type 2
            • People are classified if they are obese if they have a body mass index (BMI)
              • BMI = Body Mass/ (height) squared
                • Mass = Kg height = M
    • *insulin reduces blood sugar levels*
    • Insulin is usually injected into subcutaneous tissue


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