Innate Knowledge

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  • Innate Knowledge
    • Descartes
      • We do have some forms of innate knowledge.
        • For example, we have innate knowledge of God, which he demonstrates through the Trademark and Ontological argument.
      • Our innate knowledge is perfect and complete at birth and needs no experience for us to remember it.
    • Plato
      • Plato says that we do contain some innate knowledges.
        • For example, he tries to prove we have an innate knowledge of Maths in the Meno. Socrates tries to prove that an uneducated slave boy has an innate knowledge of maths, more specifically Phythagora's Theorem, it just needs to be drawn out via questioning.
      • He does not believe that our innate knowledge is complete and perfect like Descartes does.
        • Our innate knowledge is perfect and complete at birth and needs no experience for us to remember it.
    • Locke
      • Locke says that Plato has not proven the existence of innate knowledge at all because it had to be drawn out via questioning and lots of information can be drawn out via questioning, so it is impossible to prove that is innate knowledge.
        • For example, he tries to prove we have an innate knowledge of Maths in the Meno. Socrates tries to prove that an uneducated slave boy has an innate knowledge of maths, more specifically Phythagora's Theorem, it just needs to be drawn out via questioning.
      • He does not believe in innate knowledge as he believes that if innate knowledge existed it would be universal and there is not one thing that everyone, including 'children and idiots', all know.
      • He disagrees with Descartes idea of God as he says God cannot be innate as many cultures have no idea for God, and Locke believe innate knowledge would have to be universal.
        • For example, we have innate knowledge of God, which he demonstrates through the Trademark and Ontological argument.
    • Kant
      • As shown in the conceptual schemes mind map, Kant says that we have innate knowledge of space and time.
        • These must be innate as otherwise we would not be able to understand our experience of things in space for example.
        • However, this knowledge does require sense experience of things in space in time.
          • Therefore, he disagrees with Descartes view that our innate knowledge doesn't require sense experience for it to be known.

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