injury prevention

  • Created by: mbely
  • Created on: 28-03-18 12:31
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  • Injury prevention and rehabilitation
    • Types of injury
      • acute injury
        • fractures
          • a break or crack in a bone. Bones ca fracture in different ways:
            • simple or closed fracture is a clean break that does not damage surrounding tissue
            • compound fracture is when tissue around the fracture has been damaged
        • dislocations
          • this is when the ends of bones are forced out of position.
        • strains
          • this occurs when muscle are stretched too far or tear
        • sprains
          • this is when the ligament between bones get stretched or tear.
      • chronic injury
        • Achilles tendinitis
          • this is pain and inflammation of the Achilles tendon
        • stress fractures
          • this is whe muscles become fatigued and the bones take the full load of the body resulting in tiny cracks.
        • tennis elbow
          • this is pain in the muscles surrounding the elbow due to overuse of the muscles.
    • Injury prevention methods
      • Screening
        • Helps identify those at risk from complications from sport.
      • Protective equipment
        • wearing the equipment can help reduce injury in sport.
      • Warm-up
        • get the body warm and ready for exercise.
      • Flexibility training
        • should involve the most used muscles. helps reduce the risk of strains
      • Taping and bracing
        • Provides support to joints and muscles.
    • injury rehabilitation methods
      • Propreoceptive  training
        • use of jumps and balancing drills to teach the body the position on an injured limb
      • Strength training
        • uses resistance to prepare the body for exercise.
      • Hyperbaric chambers
        • pressurized chamber fill with 100% oxygen to aid recovery.
      • Cyotherapy
        • use of cold to reduce pain a swelling in an injury
      • hydroterapy
        • takes place in warm water to aid blood circulation, and the water supports the athlete.
    • methods of recovery
      • compression garments
        • they improve blood circulation
      • massage
        • increase blood flow, remove lactic acid, relieve tension,
      • foam rollers
        • massage
          • increase blood flow, remove lactic acid, relieve tension,
      • ice baths
      • cryotherapy
      • sleep and nutrition

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