injuries etc

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  • injuries in sport
    • Sprain
      • Overstretching or tearing of a ligament.
      • Sprains happen most often in the ankle and the wrist.
      • Sprains can be prevented by stretching before physical activity, wearing appropriate clothing and not falling over.
      • This is a hard tissue injury
        • Dislocations
          • This can occur wherever there is a joint and results where one of the bones comes out of place.
          • They are most common within contact sports like rugby.
    • Strain
      • This is the overstretching, twisting or pulling of a muscle or a tendon
        • A tendon is a tissue that connects muscle to bone.
      • Common examples of strains include hamstring injuries in football and elbow injuries in tennis.
      • Sprains can be prevented by stretching before physical activity, wearing appropriate clothing and not falling over.
    • Dislocations
      • This can occur wherever there is a joint and results where one of the bones comes out of place.
      • They are most common within contact sports like rugby.
    • Fractures
      • This is a hard tissue injury
        • A hairline fracture is a overuse injury
          • They are caused by the repeated stress on a bone or a sudden hard fall on a bone.
        • Open Fracture
          • An open fracture is where a fracture happens and the broken bone come through the skin into the environment.
        • Closed fracture
          • A fracture on  the bone that stays in the skin and isn't visible.
      • Bruises
        • Bruises are when blood vessels o=under the skin burst in impact causing painful swelling
      • Concussion
        • This is caused by an impact to the head, it often knocks out a person so they are unconscious.
      • environmental injuries
        • Dehydration caused by a lack of fluids and heat. leads too headaches, light headedness and muscle cramps.
        • Hypothermia is caused by excessive cold. it leads too the internal body temperature dropping therefore making the body shiver, cold pale skin, shallow breathing and tiredness.

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