Influence of childhood on adulthood relations and Parental investment

Parental investment - Sex differences (Sibling one has been taken off spec)

childhood on adulthood relations - parent-child and peers

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  • Influence of Childhood on Adulthood Relationships
    • Parent-Child Relationships
      • IDA
        • Attachment Disorders - Children who fail to bond with a care giver may develop this - may show mistrust and effect adulthood relationships.
        • Deterministic - Other events in later life may change attachment type, or you may decide to be different to how your parents were with you.
      • AO1
        • Experience of romantic love in adulthood is a result of 3 behavioural systems from infancy - attachment, care giving and sexuality systems.
        • Attachment is related to the concept of internal working models.
        • (Bowlby) later relationships likely to be a continuation of early attachment styles - behaviour of infants  attachments promote an internal working model of relationships - same is expected in adulthood.
      • AO2
        • Lots of studies  demonstrate links in attachment types. Meta-analysis found correlations from 0.1-0.5 between early  attachment types and later relationships.
        • However key  questions concerns stability of attachment types. Could be that attachment type  is determined by current relationship, not childhood.
          • Why happily married couples are securely attached.
        • Attachment theory suggests that a change in relationship  experiences may alter attachment type.
        • Relationship break ups associated with a shift from secure to insecure attachment.
    • Interactions with Peers
      • AO1
        • Children learn from experiences with other children. May develop a sense of their own value from interactions with others. Determines how they approach adulthood relationships.
        • Childrens friendships are training grounds for important  adult  relationships
        • Experience of having friends to confide in promotes feelings of trust, acceptance, and a sense of being understood.
      • AO2
        • Romantic involvement in early to middle adolescence associated with decreased academic achievement. However late adolescent relationships no longer related to these negative outcomes.
          • Suggests that timing of relationships in adolescence determines what influence, if any, it will have.
      • IDA
        • Gender differences - girls have more intimate relationships, and are more likely to report care and security with other girls.
          • Other research found boys to engage in more competitive, whilst girls engage in more cooperative and sharing games.
        • Rhesus moneys - reared with adequate adult adult, but inadequate peer contact later displayed inappropriate  social and sexual behaviour in adulthood.
          • The longer they were denied of this, the more extreme the behaviour was.


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