INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

  • Created by: Amberleyx
  • Created on: 30-10-18 15:06
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  • INFLUENCE ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
    • ANGLO-SAXON INVASION
      • New Words: Die, Drag, House, Woman, Take
      • 449-792
      • Angles, Saxons and Vikings invaded after the Romans left
        • Latin influence remained though Christian missionaries
    • THE NORMAN CONQUEST
      • William the Conqueror invaded Britain and brought the Dooms Day book along with him
        • 1066
      • This had the hole country speaking French
      • The French language died down but influence still remained - such as Affixes to words
      • New words: Sheep, Cow, Judge, Jury, Evidence
    • KING JAMES 1ST BIBLE
      • New words: Metaphors & Idioms created
      • Translated from Greek and Latin
        • Influences on the English Bible
    • INTERNET ENGLISH
      • 1972 - The first Email
      • 1980 - The Download
      • 1990 - The Toolbar
      • Abbreviations created: LOL, OMG, BRB, BTW
    • AMERICAN ENGLISH
      • Our previous culture and new words were borrowed by America and then brought back to Britain
        • For example - we originally used "fall" to mean "Autumn" but it is not considered American English as they kept it but we changed it
      • New words: Raccoon, Squash, Moose, Drugs, Pretzels, Cookies
    • WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
      • 1600'S
      • 2000+ new words
      • Expressed the English language through play and poetry
        • Low Literacy rates - 11%
        • Plays were accessible to all
      • New Words: Crocodile, Alligator, Smile.
    • THE RENAISSANCE
      • English Language shown through Literature and Arts
        • In Greek Mythology
          • Latin and Greek added Affixes
      • An increase in Trade - English can now borrow words!
      • Affixes such as : anti-, bi-, and -ism.
    • THE DICTIONARY
      • Samuel Johnson - 1755
        • 1st Dictionary with over 40,000 words and meanings
      • Robert Lowth - 1782
        • He wrote " A short introduction to English Grammar"
          • This was criticised for the rules being too sloppy
      • New words: Restaurant and Lager
    • THE GREAT VOWEL SHIFT
      • In order to reject French Pronunciation
      • 1400-1600
      • Double negatives are accepted
      • 2nd & 3rd person
      • Simple Syntax
      • "You" = Higher class and "Thou" = lower class
      • "V" --> "U"
    • ENGLISH AND EMPIRE
      • New Words: Barbeque, Canoe, Yoga, Bungalow, Nugget
      • Caribbean, Africa, Australia
      • 10 million miles squared
      • 4 million people
    • GLOBAL ENGLISH
      • Over 350 langauges
        • 1/4 of people speak natively
        • English is 1/4 of people's second language
        • 1/2 of people can ask for directions in English
      • 1.5 BILLION people
    • ENGLISH OF SCIENCE
      • New Words: tonsil, Ovary, Acid, Electricity, Gravity
      • Science used to all be in Latin
        • Some physicists spoke English and English in Science became more popular
      • These English scientists focused on the human body where many new words arised.

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