Male Infertility

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  • Male Infertility
    • Causes
      • ABNORMAL SEMEN
        • decreased sperm numbers, decreased sperm mobility, abnormal sperm shape
      • ISSUES WITH TESTICLES
        • infection, testicular cancer, testicular surgery, congenital defect, undescended testicles
      • absence of sperm
      • sterilisation (vasectomy)
      • EJACULATION DISORDERS
        • premature ejaculation, retrograde ejaculation
      • MEDICINES AND DRUGS
        • alcohol, illegal drugs, anabolic steroids, chemotherapy
      • erectile dysfunction
      • OCCUPATIONAL FACTORS
        • exposure to pesticides and solvents, STIs, smoking
    • Diagnosis
      • SPERM ANALYSIS
        • determines a low sperm count, low sperm mobility, or abnormal sperm shape
      • CHLAMYDIA TEST
        • sample of urine is tested
      • PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
        • GP may check for lumps in testicles or the shape and structure of the penis
      • SCROTAL ULTRASOUND
        • produces images of inside the body to identify problems in the testicles
    • Treatment
      • SPERM DONATION
        • receive sperm from a donor to help conception
      • LIFESTYLE CHANGES
        • regular exercise
        • maintain a healthy weight
        • balanced diet
      • TESTICULAR BIOPSY
        • shows whether healthy sperm is being made
      • HORMONE TREATMENT
      • antibiotics to treat infection of the reproductive tract
      • counselling
    • Lifestyle Effects
      • stress, embarrassment
      • strain on social and romantic relationships
      • knowledge of the condition
      • lack of understanding of the cause
      • uncomfortable treatment procedures

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