aids

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  • Infectious Disease - AIDS (sub-saharan Africa - Botswana)
    • Causes
      • Most people cant afford the drugs to delay the impact
      • minimal access to contraception
        • Niger
      • Rising Drug Culture
      • symptoms arent usually spotted
      • Taboo topic, partners/kids arent told
      • Lack of education/ knowledge
        • Rumour -"sex with a virgin kills the aids"
          • -_-
      • men want lots of kids
        • Sign of virility
      • Men dominate society
        • men want lots of kids
          • Sign of virility
        • Women have little status
          • Forced into sex
            • Many women die of aids
              • More men
                • More sex
    • BOTSWANA
      • 2002        First african country to provide free antiretroviral drugs
      • population 1.6 million
        • 24% have aids
          • Destroying the workforce + economy
            • 1/3 smaller by 2020 than without aids
        • 40 years  life expectancy
          • 26 by 2020
    • Impacts
      • Economic
        • 60-70% of expenditure= aids paitents
        • Sufferes draw upon health service for years
        • income lost by sick = indirect cost of aids
      • Social
        • Life expectancy falls
          • reverses dtm
        • childern abandon education to care for sick relatives
        • 1/10 get treatment
        • assumption "marriage protects from hiv
    • Solutions
      • 3x the number of education programmes
      • drug companies cheapen to prices - affordable
      • Aid programmes set up businesses - no more prostitutes
    • Why is aids on the increase
      • travel
      • Blood transfusion
      • drug use
    • key facts
      • 35 million adults affected
      • end 2003 aid had 15 million orphans
      • acquired immuno deficiency syndrome
        • slow retrovirus
          • 8-10 years
        • "Gay Plague"
    • africa
      • 10% of global pop
      • 70% of aids cases
      • 2006- 6% hiv prevalence
      • life expectancy lowers, infant mortality increases, undoes social and economic progress

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