GCSE history surgery infection

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  • Infection
    • before antiseptics
      • many people died after operations
      • surgeons wore clothes covered in blood and pus
      • some people washed there hands but only woth water
      • the places and equipment used in operations were unhygienic
    • Development of antiseptics
      • After reading pasteur's germ theory in 1864, lister learned that carbolic acid kills parasites.
        • in 1865, he soaked bandages in carbolic acid so that the wounds did not get infected
        • he used the acid to clean wounds and equiptment
          • he also invented a spray to clean the air
        • in 1867 he announced that his ward had been free from infections for nine months


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