Infancy and childhood development revision

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  • Infancy and Childhood
    • life stages and age ranges
      • Infancy 0-3
      • Childhood 4-10
      • Adolescence 11-18
      • Adulthood 19-65
      • Later Adulthood 65+
    • Meaning of PIES
      • P = Physical development- growth and other physical changes  that happen to our bodies throughout our lives
      • I = Intellectual development - the development of language, memory and thinking skills
      • E = Emotional development - developing the ability to cope with feelings towards ourselves and others
      • S = Social development - Developing the ability to form friendships, relationships and be independent
    • Keywords
      • Milestone = A significant event or achievement throughout life
      • Egocentric = only being to see things from your point of view
      • Attachment = forming a close emotional bond/ relationship with someone
      • Bonding = forming a very close emotional link /attachment
      • Fine manipulative skills = using fingers, toes and thumbs to do small movements such and turning things
      • Gross motor skills = the use of bigger limbs such as arms and legs
      • Centile chart = a chart to compare the size and age of a child and determine whether they are within the average
    • PIES of infancy
      • Physical
        • Holding their heads up
        • Rolling onto their backs
        • Development of gross motor skills
      • Intellectual
        • Neurons start making connections
        • Pre-frontal cortex develops
        • Are egocentric don't have the ability to use imagination
      • Emotional
        • Strong attachment to parents
        • Not being able to manage feelings
        • Crying is their communication as well as showing distress
      • Social
        • Solitary play
        • Happy to be left with strangers for a while(6 months)
        • Developing the ability to be  aware of social norms
    • PIES of childhood
      • Physical
        • Further development in gross motor skills
        • Further development in fine manipulative skills
        • Changes in weight and height
      • Intellectual
        • Understanding of right and wrong
        • Understanding of concepts
        • New vocabulary is learnt
      • Emotional
        • Less dependent on parents
        • Experiences a wide range of emotions and begin to understand how to control them
        • Attachments to friends form
      • Social
        • Happy to play in a group of friends (cooperative play)
        • Usually to prefer to play with friends of the same gender
        • Can be separated from parents and carers without distress

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