infancy 0-2 years

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  • infancy (0-2 years)
    • physical development
      • gross motor skills develop- the infant can start to control the larger muscle in its body
      • fine motor skills develop- the infant can start to control the smaller muscles in its body
        • by the age of 2 years old infants can usually do things such as walk, hold a spoon and point at objects
    • intellectual development
      • a new born tends to respond to the world around them through their senses
      • by the age of 2, its ability to think gas developed hugely: it will be using language and have the ability to grasp basic concepts
      • the most important part of intellectual development for a infant is the development of language
    • emotional development
      • during the first 2 years of life an infant bonds with its carers
      • an infant need to form a strong attachment with its main carer, and receive love and affection I a positive way
      • this bond helps to create a sense of security and influences the infants development
    • social development
      • the early relationships formed in infancy act as a model for future  relationships
        • by the age of 2 an infant has learned a lot about how to interact with others
      • at the first main relationship are with primary carers but then extends to brothers and sisters and wider family members and other infants may meet
      • in infancy, the infant plays alone (solitary play) and is not able to think of others
      • by the age of 2 infants can play alongside others (parallel play) and of being able to share starts to develop


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