Industry in the Early Modern Period II

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  • Created by: Alasdair
  • Created on: 19-05-18 23:32
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  • Industry in the Early Modern Period II
    • Industrial Trades resulting from coal industry
      • Coal furnaces were crucial to the Industries of the Industrial Revolution (1760-1820)
      • Cotton and textile trades
      • Iron manufacturing
      • Steam engines
    • Prices and Price Relatives of Wood-Charcoal and Coal at Cambridge, and the Phelps-Brown and Hopkins
      • 1580-9
        • Charcoal price (shillings per load)
          • 19.52
        • Coal: shillings per Chaldron of 36 bushels
          • 13.22
      • 1630-9
        • Charcoal price (shillings per load)
          • 27.38
        • Coal: shillings per Chaldron of 36 bushels
          • 16.78
      • 1670-9
        • Charcoal price (shillings per load)
          • 43.50
        • Coal: shillings per Chaldron of 36 bushels
          • 21.48
      • 1690-9
        • Charcoal price (shillings per load)
          • n.a.
        • Coal: shillings per Chaldron of 36 bushels
          • 24.07
    • Problems suggesting no Industrial Revolution
      • Despite this arguably there was no sign of Industrial transformation in any other respect
      • Economy remained agricultural
    • Proto-Industrialisation
      • This first phase of Industrialisation (proto-industrialisation)
        • was marked by rapid growth of traditionally organised and market oriented rural industry
      • It was also accompanied by changes in spatial organisation of rural economy
        • i.e. more dispersed management and workers, larger work spaces (less cottage factories)
      • Was essentially (as described by Nef) a precursor to the Industrial Revolution
    • Metallurgy - Iron Industry
      • The region known as Eisenwurzen (southeast Austria)
        • 'the place where the iron has its roots'
        • supplied Habsburg lands and many other parts of Europe with iron (namely Germany and Venice)
      • Iron was crucial to wealth of Habsburg empire
        • After increase in demand in 15thC
      • Iron was used both in production of domestic goods and arms industry
        • by late 16thC town of Steyr (Southern Austria) became hub for iron firearm production
    • Glass making
      • Murano and Venetian Glass Furnaces were some of the most famous and productive in Europe
      • Male dominated profession, women tended to be involved in smaller scale operations such as bead-making
      • Glass blowing was skilled trade
        • Restricted by Venetian Guilds to high status members of society
      • Glass goods were increasingly sold in colonial markets (Commercial Capitalism)
      • The glass making Industry mirrored the rise and subsequent fall of Venetian Industry in 17thC.
      • However, the Industry also saw innovation in production
        • such as the move from charcoal to coal furnaces

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