Industrialisation

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 29-04-13 22:40
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  • Industrialization
    • First 5YP 1928-1933
      • Stated what but not how - unrealistic
      • focused on heavy industry - coal oil steel iron
      • Public trials to set examples
        • 1928 trial on workers in the Dombass region for anti soviet conspiracy
      • Low labour productivity
      • Fraud by officials - figures changed to avoid persecution
      • Living and working conditions deteriorated
        • Rations
        • 7 day working week
      • new towns/cities built
        • Magnitogorsk
          • 1/4 million workers built especially
    • Second 5YP 1933-1937
      • promised working and living conditions
        • Famine (rationing until 1924) and  preparation for war stopped this
          • defence spending rose from 4% in 1933 to 14% in 1937
        • Wages and living standards of industrialization improved
        • people had to que all day for shoes
      • main focus still heavy industry
        • Steel production trebeled
        • quantity not quality
          • hoarding and  fraud
      • Transport
        • Moscow underground built
        • Moscow-Volga canal 1937
      • Stakhanovite movement
        • Publicity stunt to increase productivity
      • claimed over fulfilled by 3%
      • Stalins elite given holiday homes and chauffeurs (not communism)
    • Third 5YP 1938-1941
      • ended due to WW2
      • preparation for war
      • double amount of money spended on re-armament since second 5YP
      • unstable workforce 1940 internal passport to guarantee a stable workforce
      • purges created chaos
    • Overall
      • 1928 Rural semi industry to 1941 high industry urban
      • livinng and working conditions didnt really improve
      • Still low labour productivity
      • economic remained unstable

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