Industrialisation Russia 1894 AQA Specific

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  • Industrialisation
    • Senior Minister Sergei Witte introduced policies that led to rapid industrial growth
      • Oil and coal production trebled
      • Iron production quadrupled
      • Some peasants left the land to work in these newly developed industries, living conditions barely improved
    • Population grew fast in St Petersburg and Moscow as peasants arrived looking for a new way of life or money before the harvest
      • Living conditions in St Petersburg: overcrowding, terrible food, disease, alcoholism
      • Working conditions: no regulations on child labour, hours, safety or education. Trade Unions were illegal, low pay, 12-15 hours, unguarded machinery and brutal discipline
    • Led to a new class- Capitalists. Added to the size of the middle class
      • Landowners, industrialists bankers, traders and businessmen
      • Main concern were management of economy and controlling workforce
      • Clashes between workers and capitalists played important role in years up to 1917

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