individual differences - psychodynamic approach

  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 13-01-21 12:11
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  • psychodynamic
    • Schizophrenogenic mother
      • Consider mother-child relationship to be crucial factor in development of schizophrenia
      • Concept proposes that mothers of those who develop schizophrenia are overprotective and controlling
      • Overprotection stifles child’s emotional development, emotional distance deprives child of personal security - leaves individual vulnerable when faced with stress
    • regression
      • As adults people satisfy oral desires through kissing, chewing, smoking etc
      • If an individual experiences excessive amounts of stress they may regress back to oral stage
      • Regression is ego defence mechanism - ego retreats to earlier stage (oral for schizophrenia)
      • May be temporary or continue long term
    • Losing touch with reality
      • In oral stage ego is not well developed - role of ego is to control id's impulses, try to balance demands of id with moral limitations imposed by superego
      • If individual regresses to point where ego essentially does not exist, there's nothing stopping the id from operating unimpeded
      • Symptoms eg) hallucinations and delusions represent unchecked activities of id
      • Person loses touch with reality, unable to distinguish between reality, desires and fantasies
      • Similar state to that of newborn  - schizophrenia typefied with primary narcissism seen in newborns
    • fixation
      • Oral stage of psychosexual development - libido receives satisfaction from stimulation of mouth and lips
      • Most urges satisfied by feeding from mother’s breast
      • Infant receives too much or too little oral stimulation, they may become fixated
      • Freud proposed individuals with schizophrenia become fixated in one or two months of oral stage


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