Indians and the Plains

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  • Indians and the Plains
    • 1830s
      • Early settlers
      • 1830 Indian Removal Act
        • Eastern tribes onto plains
      • 1834 Permanent Indian Frontier
        • Plains one big reservation
    • 1840s
      • Farmers and Mormons. start of attacks
      • Indians promised not to attack travellers
        • Uneasy peace
        • More attacks after gold rush
    • 1850s
      • Homesteaders and miners at Pike's Peak
      • 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty
        • Each Indian nation given hunting area
      • Travellers could not be attacked
    • 1860s
      • Indian land invaded
      • Railroad built
        • Attacks on workers
      • 1861 Fort Wise Treaty
        • Sand Creek reservation
      • Indians not allowed to leave reservations
        • Live like farmers
        • Buffalo destroyed
      • Series of wars - Indian defeat
        • 1862 - Little Crow's War
        • 1863 Cheyenne Uprising
        • 1865 Red Cloud's War
        • 1864 Sand Creek Massacre
        • 1868 Battle of Washita
    • 1870s
      • Gold in Black Hills
        • 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn
          • Destroy Indian culture
          • Custer and 225 men killed
          • All Indians onto army reservations
      • 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn
        • Destroy Indian culture
        • Custer and 225 men killed
        • All Indians onto army reservations
    • 1880s
      • Buffalo completely destroyed
      • Illegal settlers on Indian land
      • 1887 Dawes Act
        • Indians on 160 acre reservations
    • 1890s
      • Plains completely settles by whites
      • Indian frontier closed
      • 1890 Battle of Wounded Knee
        • Ghost dance

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