Indian Classical Music

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  • Created by: sammilaw
  • Created on: 01-06-14 17:56
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  • Indian Classical Music
    • Raga
      • Set of notes (between 5-8), combined to create a particular mood.
      • Use a scale similar to the western 12-note scale, but it's not tempered.
      • A set of ascending and descending notes.
      • Named after a different time of day or season - imitates that atmosphere.
    • Instruments
      • SITAR
        • On a 7 string Sitar, 5 are plucked for the melody, the other 2 are used to create drone notes.
        • Strings can be pulled to make 'bent' notes.
        • 'Sympathetic' strings vibrate underneath the main strings which create a thick, shimmery sound.
        • Improvises the melody from a raga.
      • TAMBURA
        • Creates the harmony.
        • Used as a backing instrument.
        • Provides the drone, repetitive.
        • Simple rhythmic pattern - based on 2 notes.
      • TABLA
        • Plays main rhythm - Tala.
        • Smaller RH drum - Dayan.
        • Larger, lower sounding drum - Bayan.
        • Each tala is split into vibhags (similar to bars).
        • Vibhag Khali - Has a different sound. Played on the dayan.
    • Structure
      • 1. ALAP
        • No beat to the melody - just flows.
        • Only accompaniment - tambura drone.
        • Sitar player improvises freely.
      • 2. JHOR
        • Faster and more rhythmic than the ALAP.
        • Melody takes on steady beat.
        • Still just the tambura and sitar.
      • 3. JHALA
        • Faster than the ALAP and JHOR.
        • More exciting.
      • 4. GAT/BANDISH
        • Tabla player comes in.
        • Gat - Instruments only.
        • Bandish - if there's a song/voice.

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