Indian Classical Music

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  • Created by: Amy2102
  • Created on: 26-03-16 17:46
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  • Indian Classical Music
    • Dates back to 1700BC
    • The Music is learned by ear and performed from memory.
    • The student is taught by a master known as master student tradition
    • Instruments
      • Sitar a plucked string instrument with frets
      • Sarod similar to a sitar but with no frets, players can slide between notes
      • Sarangi A bowed string instrument
      • Bansuri A Bamboo Flute
    • Structural Elements
      • Melody Line
      • Rhythmic Pattern
      • Drone
    • Melody
      • Based on a scale of notes known as the Raga
      • Ragas are based on a certain time of the day or a season or mood
    • Techniques used
      • Pitch bends
      • Glissando
      • Rapid Scales
      • Ornamentation
      • Dialogue
    • Rhythm
      • Each piece is based on a cycle of beats known as a Tala
      • There are a range of different Talas each with a set number of beats
      • One of the most common Talas id the Tintal a cycle of 16 beats
    • Drone
      • There is no real harmony in Indian classical music instead a drone is played throughout by a tampura Based on the most important notes in the raga
    • Structure
      • Most pieces have 3 main sections
      • The Alap a slow improvised introduction in free time
      • The Tabla enters in the Gat Creating a clear sense of pulse
      • The improvisation in the jhalla becomes faster and more virtuosic with cadences of scales in intricate rhythm


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