In what ways does human activity attempt to manage the demand and supply of resources and development? (cont)

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  • Created by: Jake199
  • Created on: 03-05-14 21:27
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  • In what ways does human activity attempt to manage the demand and supply of resources and development? (cont)
    • CAP
      • Post WWII to early 90s
        • Farmers paid with subsidies to produce as much food as they  could
        • Created a guaranteed market
        • Led to food mountains
        • Interfered with market forces
        • Led to environmental issues
        • Huge cost- 90% of total EU budget
      • Early 90s to present
        • Subsidies diverted away from maximum production, and given for less production
        • 'Set-aside' 10% of land
        • Benefited larger farmers and arable farmers more
      • Today
        • Subsidies given for environmental stewardship
        • Maintains support for farmers and improves the environment
        • 40% of EU budget (£3.4bn to farmers)
      • Economic problems
        • World markets excluded
        • Larger farms benefit more than smaller farms, which have become dependent on the single farm payment
        • SFP has made small farms more inefficient.  Farmers are restricted on where they can grow crops and graze cattle etc
      • Positives
        • Kept British and EU farmers in business and increased production leading to security of supply
        • Recent increase in biodiversity due to SFP
        • Scope for coastal protection scheme
        • Becoming sustainable
    • Denmark Energy
      • 20% of Denmark's energy already comes from renewable energy
      • Goal of 100% renewable by 2050
      • Wind power
        • 90% of offshore wind farms constructed by Danish companies
        • Temperate maritime climate and lies in a low pressure belt, providing consistent wind
        • Employs about 25000
        • Positive attitude towards wind power
        • Supplies more than 25% of electricity
      • 'Energy Strategy 2050' plans a move away from oil, coal, and gas
      • Kriegers Flak
        • Located in Baltic Sea
        • First offshore electricity grid.  Can provide 600MW, enough for 500000 homes
        • Developed in co-operation with Sweden and Germany
      • Expansion of renewable energy is funded by feed-in tarrifs
      • Lowering energy demand
        • Buildings built to high energy efficiency
        • 26 cycle-superhighways, covering 300km
      • Small pop -5.5m people
      • Relatively flat, small country
      • Wealthy with high HDI
      • More equal society
      • Culture more sensitive to environment

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