Improved Effects and Benefits for the cardio-respiratory system

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  • Benefits the muscle-skeletal system and the cardio-respiratory system
    • The long term effects of exercise on the body
    • Musculo-Skeletal System
      • Increased bone density. The bones are put under stress which causes your body to produce more cells that build and strengthen bones.
      • Increased strength of ligaments and tendons. Weight- bearing exercise also increases the strength of ligaments and tendons.
      • Muscle hypertrophy. The more exercise you do, the bigger and stronger your muscle fibres get. Bicep curls will increase the strength and the size of the bicep.
      • Rest for adaption and recovery. The body reacts to the training loads imposed on it by increasing its ability to cope with those loads. Adaptation occurs during the recovery period.
    • Cardio-respiratory system.
      • Decreased resting heart rate. The fitter you are the bigger and stronger your heart is. Therefore your heart does not need to beat as fast.
      • Faster recovery rate. Heart recovery rate is the speed at which your heart returns to RHR after exercise. The fitter you are the quicker your recovery rate.
      • higher maximum cardiac output. Cardiac output is CARDIAC OUTPUT = STROKE VOLUME x HEART RATE.
      • Size and strength of your heart. Regular training and exercise will have an effect on your heart. Training increases the heart muscle in size, thickness, and strength; the chambers increase in volume and the whole heart gets bigger.
      • Increased capillarisationThe number of capillaries in your heart muscle and helps make blood vessels more elastic and effecient.
      • Increased Lung capacity. After a sstained period of exercise your lung volume will increase. This will make your lungs more efficient and they will be better at delivering oxygen to the working muscles.
        • Increaased number of alveoli. More alveoli are available for use after extended periods of regular exercise and as a result, VO2 max is increased

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