Important Supreme Court Justices

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 28-03-13 09:44
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  • Important Supreme Court nominations
    • Robert Bork
      • He was rate as 'well qualified' for the position by the ABA
        • But was rejected by the senate 42-58
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      • Bork's critics viewed him as both too conservative and too close to former President Nixon.
        • Senator Edward Kennedy famously declared that 'Robert Bork's America is a land in which women would be forced back into back-alley abortions, blacks would sit at segregated lunch counters and rogue police could break down citizen's doors at midnight."
    • John Roberts
      • Nominated by George Bush in 2005
      • He was well knwon and well liked
        • Republicans praised him as a superb jurist and even the Senate minority Leader, Democrat Harry Reid, note that Roberts has 'suitable legal credentials to be a member of the Supreme Court'.
      • The Senate voted 78-22 to confirm Roberts, with all 55 Republican senators and half of the Democratic senators supporting him.
        • Several Democras were persuaded by the fact that in the Senate Judiciary Committee hearings, Robert's conesrvatism seemed similar to that of Rehnquist (whom he was replacing) and therefore the balance of the court would not be unduly changed
    • Harriet Miers
      • Nominated by Bush in 2005
      • Controversial nominee
        • She had no experience as a judge
        • She was seen as a 'crony' of the president
        • She was replacing Sandra Day O'Connr, who had effectively held the balance of power between Liberal and the Conservative justices on the Rehnquist Court
        • Hardly anyone knew anything of Miers or her judicial philosophy
      • Under pressure from the media on all sides, she withdrew as a nominee before she even reached the Senate confirmation hearings
    • Samuel Alito
      • Nominated in place of Miers
      • Went on to become the second Italian-American on the Supreme Court and its fifth Roman Catholic
        • His appointment left the Supreme Court with only one female justice
      • He had a strong judicial record and was warmly welcomed by Conservatives
      • While refusing to give unconditional support to Roe v Wade (1973), he managed to present the message in the Senate hearings that he was not an ideologue.
      • However, many liberals remained concerned that he would fundamentally alter the balance of the court
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