Impacts of rising superpowers

  • Created by: Amy Brown
  • Created on: 10-06-14 21:14
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  • Impacts on water, energy, environment and land demand of rising superpowers
    • Impact on resources
      • Energy- rapid rise in oil prices in 2007 and 2008 leading to oil being pumped out quicker than new reserves can be found = PEAK OIL
      • Environment - China and India's ecological footprint may be similar to those of the EU and USA by 2040
    • Case Study: China an emerging superpower
      • Environmental costs
        • China is going through industrial revolution in a compressed timeframe resulting in it being the largest CO2 contributor
        • 16 of the top 20 most air-polluted cities
        • 2003-air pollution blamed for 400,000 deaths
        • 30% of China suffers from acid rain due to emissions from coal-fired power stations
        • CO2 emissions in 2006 more than 6.2 billion tonnes
        • 70% of China's rivers and lakes are polluted
        • Beijing's pollution levels are 3X higher than safe WHO levels
      • Social costs
        • Rural population still in poverty
        • 20%  of population live on less than $1 a day
        • Child labour used in some factories
        • Housing in some parts of Beijing were demolished to make way for Olympic facilities
        • During the olympics the authorities banned non-residents from being in the city e.g. beggars
        • 1/12th of people rely on the polluted Yangtze river for drinking water
      • Although China's stature and power are growing it needs to look to resolve some of the environmental and social costs
      • China is one of the few countries trying to tackle their issues e.g. rapidly increasing forest cover


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