Impacts of boxing day tsunami

  • Created by: ZoeCouch
  • Created on: 04-02-19 12:40
View mindmap
  • Impacts of 2004 Boxing Day Tsunami - Indian Ocean
    • Social Impacts
      • Many coastal populations taken by surprise due to lack of warning system in Indian Oceans as LEDCs could not afford it.
      • Death toll of 170,000 people in Indonesia alone
      • 1.7 million people displaced
      • Beach resorts on Phi Phi Island (Thailand) decimated
      • Indian state of Kerala hit despite shield of Sri Lanka due to refracting waves
      • Total death toll of 228,000
      • High population density and tropical climate meant diseases transmitted rapidly: cholera, dysentery etc
      • Many people left without shelter, sanitation, drinking water or food
      • Arable land covered in layer of slat so became infertile
    • Economic Impacts
      • Many countries dependant on fishing industry- 66% of fishing fleet loss
      • Loss of tourism reducing GDP: foreign visitors to Phuket dropped 80% in 2005
        • Social Impacts
          • Many coastal populations taken by surprise due to lack of warning system in Indian Oceans as LEDCs could not afford it.
          • Death toll of 170,000 people in Indonesia alone
          • 1.7 million people displaced
          • Beach resorts on Phi Phi Island (Thailand) decimated
          • Indian state of Kerala hit despite shield of Sri Lanka due to refracting waves
          • Total death toll of 228,000
          • High population density and tropical climate meant diseases transmitted rapidly: cholera, dysentery etc
          • Many people left without shelter, sanitation, drinking water or food
          • Arable land covered in layer of slat so became infertile
      • Farming industry cannot operate productively as irrigation is difficult & fields swamped by saltwater
        • Environmental Impacts
          • Coastal ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangrove forests destroyed by wave surge
          • Many ecosystems polluted by human and chemical waste in flood water
      • Widespread destruction of infrastructure: power transmission, clean water and sewerage pipes
        • 82% roads flooded making them impassable and in need of restructuring
          • Re-construction cost billions of dollars.
        • Environmental Impacts
          • Coastal ecosystems such as coral reefs and mangrove forests destroyed by wave surge
          • Many ecosystems polluted by human and chemical waste in flood water

      Comments

      No comments have yet been made

      Similar Geography resources:

      See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »